5 Social-Emotional Skills Kids Need to Master in 中学

文/ Kate Corbett康文署(学校辅导员)

The halls of middle schools are filled with students experiencing a period of intellectual, 物理, and social-emotional change that is rivaled only during infancy. 多年来, schools have treated “middle school drama” as something to be contained and overcome in order for any learning to take place. But many schools have come to recognize that unless they explore ways to help students navigate the social and emotional aspects of this period, learning will inevitably take a back seat to emotions.

Below are five social-emotional skills kids need to master in middle school—and the reasons why they’re so important for student accomplishment.

1. The Benefits of Teaching Social-Emotional Skills

For adolescents to stay grounded and thrive in the face of rapid 物理 changes, they need to develop a variety of social-emotional competencies. Social-emotional competencies are the attitudes, 行为, and skills needed to create positive relationships and successfully manage life’s challenges. These are the character traits that allow young people to feel empathy, 做出合乎道德的决定, and take responsibility for their actions.

他们也帮助他们新巴黎人注册网站. Research demonstrates that gaining these competencies has a significant positive impact on adolescents in school and beyond, 包括:

  • 学业成绩的提高
  • An increased ability to manage emotional stress
  • 积极关系的增加
  • An improved positive attitude toward self and others

2. 5核心竞争力

The Collaborative for Social-Emotional Learning identifies five core social-emotional competencies:


  • Having a sense of confidence and a positive mindset
  • Identifying personal strengths, limitations, and values
  • Understanding how thoughts and feelings impact behavior


  • Regulating emotions, thoughts, 行为, and impulses
  • Understanding how to set goals and work toward them
  • Managing personal and interpersonal stress


  • Identifying, analyzing, and solving problems
  • 进行自我反省
  • 评估决策的后果
  • Making decisions based on ethical, moral, and personal values


  • Creating healthy and rewarding relationships
  • 沟通和倾听
  • Negotiating conflict confidently and constructively
  • 抵制不适当的社会压力


  • Expressing empathy and taking the perspective of others
  • 理解社会行为规范
  • 欣赏多样性
  • 尊重他人

3. Does Social-Emotional Learning Belong in School?

Early adolescence is a time of rapid 物理 changes and intense emotions. 在Waynflete, small groups of students meet each week in a sixth-grade seminar, where they focus on such issues as how the brain affects emotions. 他们练习积极倾听, 管理自己的情绪, and how to cultivate empathy through curiosity about each other.

This kind of curriculum can change the way students experience the first years of adolescence—and how well they learn. Students who come to middle school with a positive mindset and an ability to manage intense emotions are better prepared to successfully work through a disappointment or a complex social situation.

4. Bringing Social-Emotional Learning into the Classroom

Middle school students’ learning is enhanced when teachers embed social-emotional learning opportunities in the academic curriculum. 给 students the chance to collaborate in small groups, respond to each other as well as the teacher, and consider questions and problems that have multiple right answers creates opportunities for students to practice the five core competencies.

在Waynflete, we are committed to supporting students’ emotional, social, and academic development. 合作新巴黎人注册网站机会, 小组讨论, and time for self-reflection expand students’ thinking beyond themselves. 给 students a message that education is important, 他们的成功是当务之急, creates a culture where persistence and curiosity are valued.

5. 学校文化的重要性

Schools that provide a safe and supportive environment—with adults who model positive relationships—create a school culture where relationships matter. When teachers treat students with care and warmth, and provide opportunities for them to make choices and take on increasing levels of responsibility, students gain confidence and are more apt to take on challenges.

Waynflete offers many opportunities for students to practice responsibility and independence. 例如, the favorite part of every middle schooler’s day is their free period where, 在成人指导下, they can choose whether to do their homework, 与老师见面, 打篮球, 或者花时间和朋友在一起. 在一般情况下, we find that if you treat students with trust and respect, they learn to trust and respect their school, 他们的老师, 他们的同龄人, 和自己.

Many schools have come to realize the power of incorporating social-emotional learning in their curriculum, 师生关系, 学校文化. Adolescents who are able to communicate well, 展示持久性, and relate to others with both empathy and respect are positioned for long-term success as young adults in college and the workforce.

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